The Garfagnana valley
Castelnuovo is both the heart and the main town of the Garfagnana Valley.
Since the oldest times this Valley, formed by the Serchio River, was protected by a fortification system made up of walled towns fortresses and strongholds with watchtowers. In the Renaissance Garfagnana was a land still divided into different small rival states
This tour will lead you into this green land where the Apuan Alps and the Appennines are the natural strong barrier silently facing the numerous imposing man works which are the evidence of the constant effort of the past times to defend the local population from the recurrent enemies’ invasions.
Meeting with the local tour guide in Lucca for tour departure
– After a drive up along the River Serchio you will arrive at Castelnuovo whose stronghold was the dwelling of Ludovico Ariosto, the very famous Italian writer of Renaissance and Deputy of the Duke of Este in the county of Garfagnana.
A short walk of about 2\3 of a mile on a gravel road takes you to the hill where stands the stronghold of Montealfonso whose name comes after the Duke Alfonso D’Este who had it built on top of the previous old hamlet.
The tour continues with the visit of Castiglione Garfagnana an ancient stronghold, today a nice little village, whose city walls still possess three bulky towers and the gate where once people accessed by a draw bridge .
Couches not over 12 mt. long can proceed towards San Romano Garfagnana and get to the medieval fortress of Verrucole which was widened by the Dukes of Este and has been recently restored. From its 600 mt of height you can admire a large landscape on the Apuan Alps, Appeninnes and the river Valley
This itinerary is the natural complement of the gastronomic tour of Garfagnana